Boreal Birds
300+ species, billions of birds rely on Canada's boreal forest as critical breeding grounds

Iconic Boreal Species

Explore our hand-picked collection of iconic boreal species, which includes birds nearly exclusively reliant on the boreal such as Boreal Chickadee and Lesser Yellowlegs—as well as other iconic North American species like Whooping Crane, Dark-eyed Junco, and White-throated Sparrow.

Hawk-like Birds

© Dick Daniels/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Buteo platypterus

An estimated 25% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

Perching Birds

© Mdf/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Dendroica castanea

An estimated 79% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Dan Pancamo/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Dendroica virens

An estimated 51% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Paul Hurtado/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Dendroica fusca

An estimated 55% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Cephas/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.5)
Dendroica striata

An estimated 82% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Peter Wilton/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Poecile hudsonica

An estimated 88% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© William H. Majoros/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Wilsonia canadensis

An estimated 64% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Oporornis agilis

An estimated 91% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Mdf/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Junco hyemalis

An estimated 80% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Dominic Sherony/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Contopus cooperi

An estimated 57% of the species' global population breeds within the Boreal Forest. 

© Mdf/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Euphagus carolinus

An estimated 85% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Catharus ustulatus

An estimated 73% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Cephas/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.5)
Zonotrichia albicollis

An estimated 83% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Michael Woodruff/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Wilsonia pusilla

An estimated 54% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

Long-legged Waders

© U.S. Department of Agriculture
Grus americana

Over 70% of the species' non-captive North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

Tree-clinging Birds

© Dick Daniels/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Sphyrapicus varius

An estimated 56% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

Duck-like Birds

© Dave Menke, USFWS
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

An estimated 21% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Alan D. Wilson/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Anas americana

An estimated 64% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Dick Daniels/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Bucephala islandica

An estimated 52% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Bucephala albeola

An estimated 87% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Calibas/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Bucephala clangula

An estimated 83% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© John Picken/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Gavia immer

An estimated 74% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Dick Daniels/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Anas crecca

An estimated 56% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Calibas/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.5)
Anas platyrhynchos

An estimated 23% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Dick Daniels/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Anas clypeata

An estimated 36% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Aythya collaris

An estimated 67% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Alan D. Wilson/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.5)
Cygnus buccinator

An estimated 57% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Len Blumin/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Melanitta fusca

An estimated 86% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

Sandpiper-like Birds

© Francesco Veronesi/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Limosa haemastica

An estimated 67% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Dick Daniels/Wikimedia Commons (CC 3.0)
Tringa flavipes

An estimated 94% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

© Len Blumin/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)
Tringa solitaria

An estimated 85% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.