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Pine Warbler
© Mark F. Wallner

Perching Birds

Pine Warbler  Dendroica pinus

Family: Wood Warblers, Parulidae

Audio: Martyn Stewart, © Naturesound.org

An estimated 2% of the species' North American breeding range lies within the Boreal Forest.


Description  5 1/2" (14 cm). Unstreaked olive above, with yellow throat and breast; blurry streaking below; white belly; inconspicuous eye stripe; 2 white wing bars. Female and immature similar but duller; often lack yellowish color on breast.

Habitat  Pine forests.

Nesting  4 brown-spotted white eggs in a compact nest well concealed among pine needles near the tip of a horizontal branch, usually higher than 20' (6 m).

Voice  Musical and somewhat melancholy, a soft, sweet version of the trill of the Chipping Sparrow.

Range  Breeds from southeastern Manitoba, southern Ontario, and Maine south to eastern Texas, Gulf Coast, and Florida. Winters in southern states, occasionally north to New England.

Discussion  No bird is more aptly named: it nests exclusively in pine trees, spends much of its life there, and only during migration is found in shrubbery or the deciduous growth of parks and gardens. The Pine Warbler is relatively rare and local inland in the North.

Banner photo credit: CPAWS Wildlands League