Boreal Birds
300+ species, billions of birds rely on Canada's boreal forest as critical breeding grounds
© Neal Herbert, Yellowstone National Park

Great Horned Owl

Great Horned Owl
Bubo virginianus
Owls | Family: Owls, Strigidae

An estimated 13% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

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Overview

The largest of American "eared" owls, the Great Horned is exceeded in size only by the rare Great Gray Owl. The Great Horned Owl preys on a wide variety of creatures, including grouse and rabbits as well as beetles, lizards, frogs, and birds, including crows, ducks, and other owls. On occasion, it even captures skunks. It is the largest and best known of the common owls. It is one of the first birds to nest, laying its eggs as early as late January, even when there is still snow on the ground.

Description

25" (64 cm). W. 4' 7" (1.4 m). A large owl, varying in color from nearly white (in Arctic) to dark brown and gray. Mottled and streaked below, setting off the white throat; prominent, widely spaced ear tufts; yellow eyes.

Voice

Series of low, sonorous, far-carrying hoots, hoo, hoo-hoo, hoo, hoo, with second and third notes shorter than the others.

Nesting

2 or 3 white eggs on the bare surface of a cliff or cave or even on the ground; in the East it most often appropriates the unused stick nest of a heron, hawk, or crow.

Habitat

Forests, deserts, open country, swamps, and even city parks.

Range/Migration

Resident throughout North America south of tree line.