Boreal Forest
One of the lungs of the planet, Canada's boreal forest provides valuable ecological services

Provincial and Territorial Forest Facts

Explore Canada's Boreal Forest by Province and Territory to see what makes each part of the boreal forest special.

Choose a province or territory:


Quebec's Boreal Forest:

  • is 1.2 million km2 (297 million acres) in size – twice the size of France.1
  • comprises 21% of Canada's Boreal Forest.
  • is home to more than 30 aboriginal communities representing 9 aboriginal cultures.2
  • is home to the Snowy Owl, Quebec's official bird, and the Yellow Birch, the official tree.
  • stores 31 billion tonnes of carbon in its soils, peat and forests – equivalent to around 155 years' worth of Canada’s GHG emissions in CO2 equivalent at 2014 levels.3
  • is the breeding ground for 300 to 500 million birds of 180 species, including threatened species like Harlequin Duck, Barrow's Goldeneye, Canada Warbler and Olive-sided Flycatcher.
  • supports more than 25% of Canada's Woodland caribou and substantial herds of Barren ground caribou.4
  • features 900,000 km2 of intact forest, peatland, and wetland habitat free from industrial development, making up 75% of the province's boreal region.5
  • holds 9 of 35 (25%) of North America's most unfragmented and pristine river systems and most of North America's healthiest Atlantic salmon runs.6

Canadian Boreal Initiative. 2003. Canada's Boreal Region.

Aboriginal Canada Portal (, and Global Forest Watch.

Tarnocai, C. and Lacelle, B. 1996. Soil Organic Carbon Digital Database of Canada. Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Center, Research Branch, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

The CircumArtic Rangifer Monitoring & Assessment Network. Accessed August, 2009.

Global Forest Watch Canada. 2009. Canada's Forest Landscape Fragments: A Second Approximation.

Benke, A., and Cushing, C. Rivers of North America. 2005.

Connect With BSI

How you can help

Take Action


Add your voice to petitions and action alerts for campaigns that help boreal birds and the Canadian Boreal Forest.

U.S. Actions Canada Actions

Boreal Birds Blog

With BSI Senior Scientist Jeff Wells, Ph.D.