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Yellow-billed Loon

Yellow-billed Loon
Gavia adamsii
Duck-like Birds | Family: Loons, Gaviidae

An estimated 10% of the species' North American breeding range lies within the Boreal Forest.



This large loon, closely related to the Common Loon, nests in a relatively small part of the Arctic, and is probably the least abundant of the five loons that nest regularly in North America. A winter visitor to the West Coast, it is rare enough to attract crowds of birders whenever it appears.


33-38" (84-97 cm). Breeding and winter similar to those of Common Loon, but bill ivory-yellow and seemingly upturned. In winter plumage, has more white on face; typically shows dark spot behind eyes.


Yodeling calls similar to those of Common Loon but louder and harsher; generally less vocal.


2 brownish eggs placed in a grass-lined depression, usually on an island at the water's edge.


Tundra lakes and ponds in summer; inshore coastal waters in winter.


Breeds from northern Alaska and northern Canada east nearly to Hudson Bay. Winters along coast from Alaska south to British Columbia, and occasionally to California. Also in northern Eurasia.