Boreal Birds
300+ species, billions of birds rely on Canada's boreal forest as critical breeding grounds
© Phillip Kenny/Wikimedia Commons (CC 2.0)

Bicknell's Thrush

Bicknell's Thrush
Catharus bicknelli
Perching Birds | Family: Thrushes, Turdidae

An estimated 5% of the species' North American population breeds within the Boreal Forest.

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Overview

A reticent bird, Bicknell's Thrush keeps mostly under cover, searching for food on the ground. Summering in northern North America, it migrates to the American tropics for the winter, and may be seen throughout the East while on migration.

Description

7 1/2". Back, head, wings grayish brown; dark brown spots on pale buffy throat and chest; belly white; tail rusty gray; cheeks gray; very thin, pale eye ring. Once considered race of Gray-cheeked Thrush (C. minimus).

Voice

Song: nasal, rising at end: whee-wheeoo-ti-ti-whee. Call: down-slurred whee-ah.

Nesting

3-5 pale blue-green eggs, finely speckled with brown, in a solidly built cup of grass reinforced with mud and placed in a low conifer.

Habitat

Alpine habitats, near tree line.

Range/Migration

Breeds from southern Quebec and the Maritimes south to northern New England and northern New York.